Haiti Fact File

General

National Population: 10, 413,211 (around 2.5 million in the capital Port au Prince)

Average Life Expectancy Haiti: 62.5 years  

Average Life Expectancy Ireland: 80.3 years

Labour Force: 38.1% agriculture, 11.5% industry, 50.4% services

Gross National Income (2011, million USD):  $700

 

Health

24% Haitians are chronically undernourished

81,600 children under five are acutely malnourished.

An estimated 2.1 million Haitians face severe food insecurity in 2013

HIV prevalence: 1.8%  of the population

 

Water and Sanitation

64.5% have access to improved water sources

 

Poverty

56% of Haitians live on less than €1 a day

76% of Haitians live on less than €2 a day

40.6% Unemployment rate

 

Education

An estimated 500,000 children have never attended school

Primary education enrolment 77%

Average years of schooling children complete by their 18th birthday is 6 years

Adult literacy rate 52.9%

 

Earthquake – brief figures 3 years on

Over 217,300 people killed

A further 300,600 injured

1.5 million people displaced

To date, 80% of rubble has been cleared

Today, around 280,000 people are still living in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps.

78,175 IDPs face eviction threats in 121 camps

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy killed 54 people, injured 21 with 20 missing.

6,274 houses were destroyed, 21,427 were damaged with 39,058 families affected.

 

Cholera Epidemic

There is expected to be a further 118,000 new cases of Cholera in Haiti in 2013. Cholera is an infection of the small intestine and results in continual vomiting and diarrhoea. Infection is generally transmitted through contaminated water or food. In Haiti this is generally due to a lack of sanitation and sewage systems.

 

As of end of January 2013 the cumulative number of reported cholera cases was 643,443 in Haiti.

Of these, 251,885 (53%) were hospitalized, and 7,994 people have died.

 

(Source: UN, CIA, World Bank)

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